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tutorials:vps_debian [2012/01/16 02:01]
memnon
tutorials:vps_debian [2012/01/28 20:44]
memnon Bring in improvements from sdf
Line 3: Line 3:
 ===== Contents ===== ===== Contents =====
  
-  * [[#basics|Basics]] +  * [[#​Basics]] 
-  * [[#timezone|Timezone]] +  * [[#Set your Timezone]] 
-  * [[#networking|Networking]] +  * [[#​Networking]] 
-  * [[#ssh|Setting up SSH]] +  * [[#Setting up SSH]] 
-  * [[#pkg-mgt|Package Management]] +  * [[#Package Management]] 
-  * [[#firewall|Firewall Setup]]+  * [[#Firewall Setup]] 
 +  * [[#Software and Distribution Updating]] 
 +  * [[#Reducing Memory Usage]]
  
 ===== Basics ===== ===== Basics =====
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   # chmod 755 /​etc/​network/​if-pre-up.d/​firewall   # chmod 755 /​etc/​network/​if-pre-up.d/​firewall
 +  ​
 +===== Software and Distribution Updating =====
 +
 +To update your system, run the following commands:
 +  apt-get update
 +  apt-get dist-upgrade -y 
 +  ​
 +===== Reducing Memory Usage=====
 +
 +If you are using a 128MB slice, it's a good idea to reduce the memory usage of some processes or even disable them.
 +
 +=== cron and at ===
 +You might not need one or both of those, so you can deactivate them with
 +
 +  # update-rc.d -f atd remove
 +  # update-rc.d -f cron remove
 +
 +This frees up ca. 7MB (if both are deactivated).
 +
 +=== getty / virtual terminals ===
 +This being a virtual system, you won't need getty on tty1-6. In order to eliminate them, edit /​etc/​inittab and modify the corresponding lines like this:
 +
 +  co:​2345:​respawn:/​sbin/​getty hvc0 9600 linux
 +
 +  #​1:​2345:​respawn:/​sbin/​getty 38400 tty1
 +  #​2:​23:​respawn:/​sbin/​getty 38400 tty2
 +  #​3:​23:​respawn:/​sbin/​getty 38400 tty3
 +  #​4:​23:​respawn:/​sbin/​getty 38400 tty4
 +  #​5:​23:​respawn:/​sbin/​getty 38400 tty5
 +  #​6:​23:​respawn:/​sbin/​getty 38400 tty6
 +
 +You need to keep the line with hvc0 so you can attach a serial console from vps.sdf.org to your vps. This frees up ca. 10MB. 
 +
 +=== rsyslogd ===
 +rsyslogd eats a lot of memory by default (26MB on my vps) which can be reduced by the usage of ulimit. Edit /​etc/​init.d/​rsyslog and include the following line just before the command where rsyslogd will be started:
 +
 +  ulimit -s 256
 +
 +Example:
 +
 +<​code>​
 +case "​$1"​ in
 +  start)
 +        ulimit -s 256
 +        log_daemon_msg "​Starting $DESC" "​$RSYSLOGD"​
 +        create_xconsole
 +        do_start
 +        case "​$?"​ in
 +                0) sendsigs_omit
 +                   ​log_end_msg 0 ;;
 +                1) log_progress_msg "​already started"​
 +                   ​log_end_msg 0 ;;
 +                *) log_end_msg 1 ;;
 +        esac
 +
 +        ;;
 +</​code>​
 +This frees up about 23MB.